With the discovery of fibronectin, a “structural glycoprotein”, s

With the discovery of fibronectin, a “structural glycoprotein”, started the study of cell-matrix interactions, reinforced by the identification of cell-receptors mediating them and the “cross-talk” between cells and matrix constituents. The first initiative to organise societies for this rapidly growing discipline was that of Ward Pigman in New York in 1961, restricted however to glycol-conjugates. Next year, in 1962 was founded the first European Connective Tissue Society in Paris: the “Club francais du tissu conjonctif’, which played

a crucial role in the establishment of schools, laboratories, national and international meetings in the major cities of France: Paris, Lyon, Reims, Caen,Toulouse. A second European society was born in Great Britain, and at a joint meeting with the French ALK assay society at the Paris Pasteur Institute, was founded in 1967 by these societies the Federation of European Connective Tissue Societies (FECTS). Their meetings, organised every second year, drained a wide attendance from all over the world. An increasing number of young AEB071 scientists joined since then this branch of biomedical discipline with several international journals devoted to connective tissue

research, to matrix biology. The increasing number and quality of the young generation of scientists engaged in research related to the extracellular matrix or better Biomatrix and cell-matrix interactions is a further guarantee for the continued interest in this crucial field of science at the interface BMS-345541 datasheet of basic and medically oriented research. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Evidence indicates that vitamin D involves in development of brain as well as its function. This study assesses occurrence of long term potentiation (LTP), as an experimental form of synaptic plasticity, in adult rats under the normal regimen (CON), and the regimens without vitamin D (CON D) or with a supplement of 1,25(OH)2D3 (CON+D). Stimulating the Schaffer collaterals pre- and post-tetanus excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs)

were recorded in the CA1 area of hippocampus in anesthetized animals. Amplitude change of the EPSPs was considered for comparisons. Our results indicated that the basic EPSPs were similar in the three groups. Tetanization elicited a considerable LIP in both the CON and CON+D rats but a moderate potentiation in the CON D group. We concluded that optimal level of vitamin D is required for induction of LTP. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Post-tonsillectomy swallowing pain is a common and distressing side effect after tonsillectomy and thus of great clinical interest. Up until now, there is no randomized controlled patient- and observer-blinded study evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture against swallowing pain after tonsillectomy.

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