Using isolated rat liver mitochondria, the effect of ropinirole w

Using isolated rat liver mitochondria, the effect of ropinirole was studied on Ca2+-triggered large amplitude swelling, membrane depolarization and cytochrome c release. In addition, the effect of ropinirole on oxidation of added, membrane-impermeable NADH was investigated. The

results revealed doubtlessly, that ropinirole can inhibit permeability transition. learn more In patch-clamp experiments on mitoplasts, we show directly that ropinirole interacts with the mtPTP. Thus, ropinirole reversibly inhibits the opening of mtPTP with an IC50 of 3.4 mu M and a Hill coefficient of 1.3. In both systems (i.e. energized mitochondria and mitoplasts) the inhibitory effect on permeability transition Cl-amidine was attenuated by increasing concentrations of inorganic phosphate. In addition, we showed with antimycin A-treated mitochondria that ropinirole failed to suppress respiratory chain-linked

reactive oxygen species release. In conclusion, our data suggest that the neuroprotective activity of ropinirole is due to the blockade of the Ca2+-triggered permeability transition. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The phenotype of myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) shows similarities as well as differences to that of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Dysphagia, a predominant feature in DM1, has not yet been examined in DM2. In a recent nationwide questionnaire survey of gastrointestinal symptoms in DM2, 12 out of 29 DM2 patients reported to have difficulty in swallowing for solid food. The aim of the study was to investigate the presence of dysphagia in patients with genetically proven DM2 who reported difficulty in swallowing for solid food at the questionnaire survey. Swallowing function and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) were examined by a speech therapist

and otorhinolaryngologist, respectively. In DM2 patients who reported difficulty in swallowing the presence of dysphagia could be confirmed (clinically in 100%, by FEES in 88%). A correlation exists between Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Score (DOSS) and age (p = 0.05). None of the patients was underweight, and none of the patients had suffered aspiration pneumonia in the past. Dysphagia is present among DM2 patients Survivin inhibitor and is more severe in older patients. However, dysphagia is generally mild, and do not lead to weight loss, or aspiration pneumonia. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V.”
“5-Hydroxyttyptamine (5-HT)(2A) antagonists are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of sleep maintenance insomnias, but unlike hypnotics, they have limited effects on sleep initiation. This study evaluated the effects of several 5-HT2A antagonists (eplivanserin, volinanserin and AVE8488) alone and/or in combination with the short-acting hypnotic, zolpidem, on the rat sleep profile.

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