This article describes two patients, both on ventilatory support in the intensive care unit. Failure to recognize spontaneous aseptic-pneumoperitoneum can result in unnecessary laparotomy with its risks. Hence under relevant circumstances, non-surgical causes of pneumopreitoneum should be excluded.”
“BACKGROUND: Electrical status epilepticus during sleep is characterized by epilepsy, a specific electroencephalographic
pattern, and neuropsychological impairment. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam in treating children with electrical status epilepticus during sleep. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective, open-label study enrolled 73 children (mean age: 8 years) affected by electrical status epilepticus Cyclopamine concentration during sleep. The efficacy was rated according to the seizure frequency and electroencephalography response. RESULTS: After
a mean treatment period of 19 months (range: 6 to 24 months), 33 (63.5%) of 52 patients became seizure-free or had experienced remarkable reduction in seizures. The electrical status epilepticus of 41(56.2%) of 73 patients disappeared off their electroencephalography. The electroencephalography efficacy of levetiracetam treatment was noted in the monotherapy (61.9%) and add-on (53.9%) groups. The clinical (67.7%) and electroencephalography (64.3%) response rates of the idiopathic group were better than those of the symptomatic group (57.1% and 45.2%, respectively). No patient discontinued selleckchem the trial because of intolerability of see more side effects. CONCLUSIONS: Levetiracetam is effective in individuals with electrical status epilepticus during sleep with tolerable side effects.”
“Background Tendinopathy is a clinical diagnosis of localised tendon pain often confirmed by imaging findings. The pathophysiological cause of the pain is unknown and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) may be implicated. Objective To review what is known regarding the role of the SNS in human tendinopathy. Study selection Published data describing sympathetic innervation or an index of sympathetic activity
in human tendons were eligible for inclusion. Data sources Bibliographical databases (AMED, Biological Abstracts, CINAHL Plus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science) were searched for relevant articles. Reference lists from included articles were screened for additional articles. Study appraisal Studies were scored with a quality assessment tool to identify potential sources of bias. Each question had an explicit decision rule to guide assessment. Results Nine case-control and four cross-sectional studies examined sympathetic innervation of tendons. There was evidence suggesting a lack of difference in sympathetic innervation of tendon proper between tendinopathy biopsies and healthy controls. In contrast, the paratendinous tissue showed evidence of increased sympathetic innervation in painful tendons.