The process is compatible with other low-temperature, low-cost manufacturing steps. We demonstrate the potential of such TRCs for ZnO-based MESFETs having a transparency of 70% in the visible, on/off-ratios higher than 10(6) within a gate-voltage sweep of only 2.7 V and mobilities up to 12 cm(2)/V s. Inverters fabricated from these transistors exhibit maximum gain of 196 and uncertainty level of 0.36 V, outperforming inverters based on TMISFETs. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3430988]“
“PURPOSE: To study
the application of intraoperative retinoscopy for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in combined cataract extraction and silicone oil removal.
SETTINGS: selleck Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical
Sciences, New Delhi, India.
METHODS: This study comprised patients with silicone oil-filled eyes and visually significant cataract who had combined cataract extraction by phacoemulsification and silicone oil removal by a standard method through the pars plana route. Retinoscopy was performed with a streak retinoscope, standard vertex distance of 13.0 mm, and distance of 50.0 cm. All eyes had in-the-bag implantation of a foldable IOL with an A-constant of 118.4. The IOL power was calculated using the lanchulev formula as follows: R x 2.01449. Postoperative refraction was performed at 3 months, and the spherical equivalent INCB028050 chemical structure was calculated.
RESULTS: Twelve eyes of 12 patients were evaluated. The mean emmetropic power calculated by intraoperative retinoscopy was 20.46 diopters (D) +/- 3.4 (SD) (range 13.09 to 25.18 D) and the mean refractive error, -0.45 +/- 0.63 D (range -1.00 to +1.00 D). The postoperative refractive error was within +/- 0.50 D in 4 eyes (33.3%) and within
+/- 1.00 D in all eyes. Ten eyes (83.33%) had a postoperative refractive error in the range of 0.00 to -1.00 D using IOL power based on intraoperative retinoscopy.
CONCLUSION: Intraoperative retinoscopy for IOL power calculation in combined cataract extraction and silicone oil removal gave satisfactory refractive outcomes, although further studies with more patients are required to confirm its usefulness and determine whether there are disadvantages.”
“Release of nucleated GSK621 order red blood cells (nRBCs) into the peripheral blood occurs in stillbirths/neonates with a probable hypoxic mode of death and antenatal stress. We correlated the number of nRBCs in the placenta with the occurrence of intradural (IDH) and subdural hemorrhage (SDH) and the potential link with fetal hypoxia. Two groups of 22 cases each of nonmacerated term or near-term (>= 36 weeks of gestational age) stillborn or newborns dying in the 1st day of life were studied. One group had IDH (with or without SDH) and the other did not have IDH or SDH.