“Objective: To evaluate endostatin, an anti-angiogenic factor, in relation to the
risk of preeclampsia (PE).\n\nStudy design: In this case control study, serum samples were collected at 11-17 weeks and 18-26 weeks’ gestation. Endostatin levels were expressed as adjusted multiples of the median (MoM). Logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for the prediction of PE.\n\nResults: A total of 77 women with PE and 150 controls were studied. Endostatin levels were significantly higher in women with PE compared to controls in both the first and the second trimester. At a cut-off level of 75th percentile of endostatin MoMs, the aORs for PE were 1.33 (95% confidence www.selleckchem.com/products/poziotinib-hm781-36b.html interval [CI], 0.68-2.58) at 11-17 weeks and 1.77 (95% CI, 0.94-3.34) at 18-26 weeks, after adjustment for ethnicity and chronic hypertension. The aORs for early-onset PE were 3.51 (95% CI, 1.18-10.43) at 11-17 weeks and 2.17 (95% Cl, 0.67-7.06) at 18-26 weeks.\n\nConclusions: Higher endostatin levels are associated with an increased risk of early onset PE. Endostatin alone, however, has a poor predictive value for clinical usefulness. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of open and closed kinetic
chain exercise on the dynamic balance ability of healthy young adults. [Subjects] Thirty-three healthy adults participated in this study. [Methods] Subjects were randomly assigned to either an open kinetic chain exercise click here group (n=17) or a closed kinetic chain exercise group (n=16). Both the open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain exercise groups performed 3 sets
of exercises 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Dynamic balance was measured at the beginning and end of the 6-week training period, including anterior-posterior, medial-lateral, and total displacement of the center of pressure. [Results] Both exercise groups showed improvement in balance parameters but the improvement was only statistically significant Combretastatin A4 cell line in the closed kinetic chain group. [Conclusion] Closed kinetic chain exercise appears to be more effective at improving of dynamic balance ability than open kinetic chain exercise within a 6-week training period.”
“High mammographic density (MD) is one of the main risk factors for development of breast cancer. To date, however, relatively few studies have evaluated the association between MD and diet. In this cross-sectional study, we assessed the association between MD (measured using Boyd’s semiquantitative scale with five categories: smaller than 10%, 10-25%, 25-50%, 50-75% and bigger than 75%) and diet (measured using a food frequency questionnaire validated in a Spanish population) among 3,548 peri- and postmenopausal women drawn from seven breast cancer screening programs in Spain.