Mucinous tumors originated more often from pancreas head and neck

Mucinous tumors originated more often from pancreas head and neck (p=0.001), and therefore were more likely to require pancreaticoduodenectomy (P=0.001). Table 1 Clinical and demographic features of 82 AZD0530 molecular weight pancreatic cysts undergoing surgical resection following EUS Final pathology from the 66 resected mucinous cysts undergoing preoperative EUS included 14 MCNs and 52 IPMNs. None of the MCNs had high grade dysplasia Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical (HGD) or cancer. Pathology from the 52 IPMNs included: low grade dysplasia (LGD) in 37, HGD in 7, and invasive cancer in 8. EUS-FNA (Table 2) was performed in 61/82 (74%), including 16 of 16 (100%) of the non-mucinous cysts and 45 of 66 (68%)

mucinous Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical tumors. Cyst fluid analysis was feasible in 35/61 (57%) patients, including CEA and amylase levels in 35 and 33 patients, respectively (Table 3). Histopathology in these 35 pancreatic cysts demonstrated 10 non-mucinous cysts and 25 mucinous cysts. Table 2 Results of EUS-FNA cytopathology for cystic tumors confirmed by surgical pathology Table 3 EUS-FNA cyst fluid analysis The 10 non-mucinous cysts included 7 serous

cystadenomas (mean CEA = 4272 ng/ml, median CEA = 92 ng/ml; range: 0.5 – 22343 ng/ml; mean amylase = 3209 U/L, median amylase = 1111 U/L; range: 350-14670 U/L) and 3 pseudocysts (mean CEA = 177 ng/ml, median CEA = 93; range 1.7-410 ng/ml; mean amylase = 28610 U/L, median amylase 28208 Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical U/L; range 19834-37789 U/L). The 25 mucinous cysts included 9 MCNs (mean CEA = 21119 ng/ml, median CEA 813 ng/ml; range 1.3-181196 ng/ml; mean amylase = 45567 U/L, median amylase = 31437 Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical U/L; range 28-162400), 11 IPMN-Br (including one cancer and 5 HGD; mean CEA = 613 ng/ml, median CEA = 426 ng/ml; range 3.8-4878 ng/ml, mean amylase = 25641 U/L, median amylase = 744 U/L; range 223-122532 U/L) and 5 IPMN-M (including one cancer; mean CEA = 143 ng/ml, median CEA 181 ng/ml; Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical range 43-298 ng/ml, mean amylase = 67763 U/L, median amylase =

14580 U/L; range 744-108451 U/L). Mean CEAs were greater for mucinous compared to non-mucinous cysts, however there was no statistically significant difference in cyst fluid amylase levels between the two groups (Table 3). Comparison between cyst fluid CEA and amylase for all 25 mucinous cysts are shown in the Table 4. As shown, cyst fluid CEA (p=0.34) and amylase (p=0.92) were also similar between BD-IPMNs and MCNs alone. Table 4 Cyst fluid analysis of Mucinous mafosfamide cysts Discussion Pancreatic cysts are increasingly detected due to widespread use of cross sectional imaging like CT scan and MRI. The majority of pancreatic cystic lesions are benign such as pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas. However, it is estimated that 10-15% of pancreatic cysts are potentially premalignant or malignant cystic neoplasms, (usually mucinous cysts) that require further evaluation, management and follow up (1),(11).

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