It is also associated with a positive attitude change, congruent with learning about the relevance of patient-doctor relationship within a cross-cultural setting.”
“Purpose: To develop a practical method to localize bones in magnetic resonance (MR) images, to create “computed tomographye-like” MR images (ctMRI) that could be used for radiation therapy verification, and to generate MR-based digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR). Methods and
Materials: Using T1-weighted MR images, an air mask was derived from the manual contouring of all airways within the head and neck region Ulixertinib purchase using axial images at 6 anatomic levels. Compact bone, spongy bone, and soft tissue masks were then automatically generated using the statistical data derived from MR intensities and the air mask. ctMRI were then generated by mapping the MR intensities of the voxels within these masks into the
CT number ranges of corresponding tissues. MR-based DRRs created from ctMRI were quantitatively evaluated using the co-registered MR and CT head images of 20 stereotactic Ruboxistaurin mw radiosurgery patients. Ten anatomical points, positioned on the skull segmented using a threshold of 300 HU, in CT and ctMRI, were used to determine the differences in distance between MR-based DRRs and CT-based DRRs, and to evaluate the geometric accuracy of ctMRI and MR-based DRRs. Results: The bony structures were identified on ctMRI and were visible in the MR-based DRRs. From the 20 patient cases, the mean geometric difference and standard deviation between the 10 anatomical points on MR-based and CT-based DRRs was -0.05 +/- 0.85 mm, respectively. This included uncertainty in image fusion. The maximum distance difference was 1.88 mm. Conclusions: A practical method was developed to segment bone NSC23766 manufacturer from MR images. The ctMRI created can be used for radiation treatment verification
when MR-only simulation is performed. MR-based DRRs can be used in place of CT-based DRRs. (c) 2014 Elsevier inc.”
“The biological and social transmission of attitudes toward abortion and gay rights are analyzed in a large sample of adult twins, siblings, and their parents. We present a linear model for family resemblance allowing for both genetic and cultural transmission of attitudes from parents to offspring, as well as phenotypic assortative mating (the tendency to marry like) and other environmental sources of twin and sibling resemblance that do not depend on the attitudes of their parents. The model gives a close fit to the patterns of similarity between relatives for the two items. Results are consistent with a substantial role of genetic liability in the transmission of both attitudes. Contrary to the dominant paradigm of the social and political sciences, the kinship data are consistent with a relatively minor non-genetic impact of parental attitudes on the development of adult attitudes in their children.