Based on these maps, we develop an application targeted at a sele

Based on these maps, we develop an application targeted at a selection of optimum locations for potentially dangerous activities. This is done using a range of different resolutions selleck chemicals llc of the hydrodynamic model, from a barely eddy-permitting tool to its highresolution (but otherwise identical) version. The particular goal is to identify an optimum spatial resolution for the ocean model for different applications of the entire method. We start from a horizontal resolution

of 2 nm and gradually increase the resolution down to 0.5 nm. This range of resolutions characterizes a transition from quite a poor representation of mesoscale effects in this basin to one which is expected to adequately resolve the field of mesoscale eddies at nearly every time instant and place. While the 2 nm model is, at best, an eddy-permitting model for the Gulf of Finland, the 0.5 nm model is expected to resolve most of the mesoscale eddy dynamics in this basin. Although the models in use enable the full 3D tracking of particles, for simplicity and in order to highlight the potential differences in the horizontal resolution, we lock the particles in the uppermost layer. Section 2 gives a short overview of the basic features of the ocean model in Y-27632 ic50 use, describes the technology

for solving the inverse problem for environmental management and briefly discusses the measures for quantifying the environmental risks. Most of the material in this section is classical and presented here only for completeness. The reader is referred to Andrejev

et al. (2010), Soomere et al. (2010, 2011a,b) and Viikmäe et al. (2010) for details. The key new information is presented in 3, 4 and 5, SSR128129E where we discuss in detail the dependence of the resulting maps and the optimum locations of the fairway on the spatial resolution of the ocean model. Section 6 presents a synopsis of the analysis and sketches further research needs. The method for identifying the optimum fairway consists of four basic steps (Andrejev et al. 2010, Soomere et al. 2010, 2011a,b). The 3D dynamics of water masses in the sea area in question is simulated numerically, and the results of the simulations are used to construct Lagrangian trajectories of selected water particles. Together with a cost function, these trajectories are used to construct maps characterizing the distribution of the environmental risks associated with different offshore areas. The final step is the identification of the optimum location for fairways. An important feature of the entire approach is that the particular methods comprising each step may be addressed separately without the loss of generality for the entire procedure. The 3D OAAS hydrodynamic model (Andrejev & Sokolov 1989, 1990) is used for modelling the Gulf of Finland’s circulation properties. This time-dependent, free-surface, baroclinic model is written in z-coordinates and is based on the hydrostatic approximation.

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