At the age of 33 years, the patient suffered a pathological fract

At the age of 33 years, the patient suffered a pathological fracture in the right femoral neck and could no longer walk. As for psychological symptoms, the patient was apathetic and exhibited behavioral Quizartinib cost abnormalities. At the age of 34 years, the patient had an epileptiform seizure, and although the seizures gradually subsided,

voluntary upper limb movements and speech became difficult. In response to external stimulation, the patient could move his eyeballs and swallow a liquid substance placed in the mouth. At the age of 38 years, he could not move or speak and subsequently died. Systemic emaciation and subcutaneous fat tissue degeneration were marked, the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes were severely atrophied, and abnormal lipid deposition was not seen at all. In long bones, such as the femur, tibia, fibula, and ribs, the medullary cavity at both ends was filled with yellow opaque gelatinous substances,

matching the translucent cystic lesions seen on X-rays, the bone substance was highly resorbed, and the bone cortex was so thin that it could be damaged when pressed by a finger. In the substances, numerous membranocystic changes were widely distributed on light microscopy, and surrounding fat cells and other cell components were markedly reduced (Fig. 1). I-BET-762 mw Membranocystic lesions were also seen in the bone fatty marrow, subepicardium, mediastinum, mesentery, thymus, systemic adipose tissue around the kidney and lymph nodes, adrenal glands, testes, hepatic sinusoids, and pulmonary vascular lumina. Membranous structures were positive for Sudan III, stained blue Ureohydrolase with Nile blue, and most were positively stained by Luxol fast blue. The brain weighed 1050 g. As for macroscopic findings, symmetric systemic atrophy of the brain, in particular severe atrophy of the occipital and temporal white matters, was seen. The gyrus was narrow, the cerebral sulcus was somewhat broad and deep, and the meninx was smooth. On cross-sections, marked white matter atrophy was confirmed. The boundary between the white and gray matters was slightly unclear. The basal ganglia were mildly atrophied,

and the ventricles were severely enlarged in a symmetrical manner. Bleeding or softening was not confirmed. No notable findings were seen in the cerebellum, pons or medulla oblongata. The spinal cord was not examined. As for histological findings, the white matter was broadly degenerated, and diffuse sclerosis accompanied by astroglial proliferation was confirmed (Fig. 2). Gemistocytic astrocyte was the major component, and fibrillary gliosis was mild. Inflammatory cellular infiltration was absent. Myelin sheath staining confirmed severe demyelination, but U-fibers were relatively conserved. Axonal degeneration and destruction were marked, and the axons were bloated in a balloon fashion and ruptured (Fig. 3), and positively stained using Sudan III or PAS.

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