Arrow cues were also employed to determine whether any compromise in schizophrenia, if present, was gaze-specific. Results demonstrated that schizophrenic subjects benefit significantly
less from congruent cues than normal subjects, which was evident for gaze cues but not for arrow cues. This finding is suggestive of a relatively gaze-specific hyposensitivity in patients with chronic schizophrenia, a finding that is in line with their clinical symptomatology and that may be associated with a hypoactive STS. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Recent advances in placebo research Selleck Citarinostat have demonstrated the mind’s power to alter physiology. In this study, we combined an expectancy manipulation model with both verum and sham acupuncture treatments to address: 1) how and to what extent treatment and expectancy effects – including both subjective HIF inhibitor pain intensity levels (pain sensory ratings) and objective physiological activations (fMRI) – interact; and 2) if the underlying mechanism of expectancy remains the same whether placebo treatment is given alone or in conjunction with active treatment. The results indicate that although verum acupuncture+high expectation and sham acupuncture+high expectation induced subjective reports
of analgesia of equal magnitude, fMRI analysis showed that verum acupuncture produced greater fMRI signal decrease in pain related brain regions during application of calibrated heat pain stimuli on the right arm. We believe our study provides brain imaging evidence for the existence of different mechanisms underlying acupuncture analgesia and expectancy evoked placebo analgesia. Our results also suggest that the brain network involved in expectancy may vary under different treatment situations (verum and sham acupuncture treatment). (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“ObjectivesImplant surface topography is a key determinant affecting osteoblastic differentiation and cell-cell signaling of implant-adherent cells. Materials and methodsTo
assess the early osteoinductive and cell-cell signaling events in adherent cells, commercially pure TPX-0005 inhibitor titanium implants (2.2x5mm) with nanotopography (HF-treated TiO2 grit-blasted) were compared with micron-scale topography TiO2 grit-blasted (micron-scale, control) implants in vivo. Six implants (n=3/surface) were placed in 10 systemically healthy subjects and removed by reverse threading at 1, 3, and 7days. Gene expression profiles of adherent cells were interrogated using low-density RT-PCR arrays. ResultsOsteoinduction was not observed at day 1 on either surface. At 3days, elevated levels of BMP6, osteopontin, and osterix (OSX) were observed in RNA of cells adherent to both micron-scale and nanotopography surfaces.