An analysis of molecular response at 12 months was planned A sup

An analysis of molecular response at 12 months was planned. A superior molecular response was defined as a decrease in the ratio of transcripts of the tyrosine kinase

gene BCR-ABL ZD1839 mw to transcripts of ABL of 0.01% or less, corresponding to a reduction of 4 log(sub 10) units or more from the baseline level, as assessed by means of a real-time quantitative polymerase-chain-reaction assay.

Results: At 12 months, the rates of cytogenetic response were similar among the four groups. The rate of a superior molecular response was significantly higher among patients receiving imatinib and peginterferon alfa-2a (30%) than among patients receiving 400 mg of imatinib alone (14%) (P=0.001). The rate was significantly higher among patients treated for more than 12 months than among

those treated for 12 months or less. Gastrointestinal events were more frequent among patients receiving cytarabine, whereas rash and depression were more frequent among patients receiving peginterferon alfa-2a.

Conclusions: As compared with other treatments, the addition of peginterferon alfa-2a to imatinib therapy resulted in significantly higher rates of molecular response in patients with chronic-phase CML. (Funded by the French Ministry of Health and others; number, NCT00219739.)

N Engl J Med 2010;363:2511-21.”
“Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 gene polymorphism and the short-term risk of postoperative Temsirolimus solubility dmso cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease receiving elective surgery and also to evaluate the endothelial function.

Methods and results. We determined preoperatively IL-6 gene polymorphism (-174

G/C and nt565 G/A), IL-10 polymorphism (-1082G/A, -819C/T, -592C/A), and brachial artery vasodilatation using ultrasound in 48 patients undergoing vascular surgery. Eight patients (16.7%) developed over a period of 30 days cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death, resuscitated cardiac arrest, acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke). Cardiovascular events were more frequent in the subgroups of patients with genotypes associated with high serum levels of IL-6: -174CC (57.14% vs 12.5% for -174GC genotype and 8% for -174GG, P = .007) and nt565AA (50% vs 17.6% for nt565GA genotype and 8% for nt565GG genotype, P BMS-777607 research buy = .021) and in subgroups with haplotypes associated with low serum levels of IL-10: ATA (57.14% vs 14.8% for haplotype ACC and 7.4% for GCC, GCA, GTA, GTC haplotypes, P = .004). Flow-mediated dilatation was significantly lower in patients with IL-6 -174CC genotype (7.05% +/- 1.49% vs 8.41% +/- 1.9% for IL-6 -174GC and 9.42% +/- 2.46% for IL-6 -174GG, P = .009) and IL-6 nt565AA genotype (7.14 +/- 1.61% vs 8.49% +/- 1.91% for IL-6 nt565GA and 9.42% 2.46% for IL-6 nt565GG, P = .018) and in patients with IL-10ATA haplotype (6.45% +/- 0.57% vs 9.13% +/- 2.

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