abortus biovar 5, which was identified as biovar 5 or 9, identification to the biovar level using MLVA proved to be ambiguous because sometimes STI571 in vitro the profiles were found to be equally similar to multiple biovars. Thus, the biovar could not be assigned to 8 (29%), 28 (30%), and 2 (11%) of the B. abortus, B. melitensis, and B. suis isolates, respectively. selleck chemical Cluster 10 only contained isolates of B. suis biovar 2. However, the other clusters contained multiple biovars. Based on genetic similarity, these clusters and the singletons could be divided into two genetically related groups. The first group, B. melitensis/abortus (BAM), consists of 6 clusters and 1 singleton (W99) isolate,
which are all B. melitensis or B. abortus species. The second, non-BAM group is genetically more diverse Ro 61-8048 supplier and contains 8 clusters and 2 singletons comprising the other Brucella species (B. suis, B. canis, B. ovis, B. pinnipedialis, B. ceti, and B. neotomae). B. suis biovars 1, 2, and 3 and B. canis are genetically highly related, whereas B. suis biovar 5 is genetically distinct from other B. suis
biovars. Epidemiologically related strains, from the same outbreak or isolated from the same patient, were grouped in the same clusters with a genetic relatedness of 70% or more (Figures 1 and 2). Figure 1 Partial dendrogram MLVA-16 clustering analysis of 170 Brucella isolates, with all 93 of the B. melitensis and 29 B. abortus isolates included in this study. The columns present the following data: original strain number [Strain id.], MLVA cluster number reference [Ref. cluster], epidemiologic relatedness (a-d indicate isolates from the same patient, 1-3 indicate isolates that are epidemiologically linked to each other)[Linked], highest logarithmic value of the four generated MS spectra [High LogValue], number of the 4 generated MS spectra corresponding with species identification using MLVA [N identified], genus [Genus], species [Species], and biovar [Biovar] identification based on the MLVA database. The similarity axis is presented in the top left corner.
Each color reflects a different cluster with > 52.5% similarity. The group of ‘melitensis-abortus’ isolates clustered as follows: B. melitensis isolates Phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase grouped in Clusters 1, 2, and 3. B. abortus isolates grouped in Clusters 4, 6, and 7. Outlier B. abortus/melitensis W99 is a singleton (Cluster 5). Figure 2 Partial dendrogram MLVA-16 clustering analysis of 170 Brucella isolates, including the 48 isolates from Brucella species that were not B. melitensis or B. abortus included in this study. The columns present data as described in Figure 1. The similarity axis is presented in the top left corner. Each color reflects a different cluster with > 52.5% similarity. The group of ‘non-melitensis/abortus’ isolates clustered as follows: Cluster 8 with B. suis biovar 3 and B. canis; Cluster 9 with B. suis biovar 1; Cluster 10 with B. suis biovar 2; and Cluster 11 with B. ovis isolates. The ‘B.