[5] All five had a recent history of travel to West Africa where,

[5] All five had a recent history of travel to West Africa where, within areas of intense transmission of malaria, exposure for even short periods of time can result in infection. Four of the five cases were reported within a 4-day period: three by the Florida Department of Health and one by the Pennsylvania Department of Health. This cluster of malaria cases among crew members raised concern of a potential outbreak and of insufficient preventive practices utilized by Airline A crew members. The CDC-recommended preventive measures in malaria-endemic countries include taking appropriate antimalarial medication; wearing protective clothing when outdoors, especially

from dusk to dawn; minimizing contact with mosquitoes by remaining in well-screened buy Lumacaftor or air-conditioned locations; using insecticide-treated mosquito nets or applying a permethrin-containing insecticide to clothing; and using an effective mosquito repellent, such as N,N-diethylmetatoluamide (DEET), applied to the exposed parts of the skin.[6]

Airline A’s malaria prevention education program, incorporating the CDC’s guidelines, included information about malarial transmission, its signs and symptoms, and how to prevent illness. It also provided instruction on what to do if one developed fever. In recent years, malaria prevention education, developed by the airline’s occupational and health services (OHS) RG7422 staff and with CDC consultation, occurred during initial

and recurrent employee training, as well as through other venues, such as the company employee websites, posters, and wallet cards which list malaria symptoms, what to do if any occur, and OHS contact information. The airline recommended that crew members keep a 26-day supply of atovaquone-proguanil (A/P, Malarone, GlaxoSmithKline) at home when working “on-call” for travel. Employee purchases of Malarone were 100% reimbursed. For short notice travel, antimalarial prophylaxis was also offered through a telephonic screening and prescription process. The airline’s general practices also included securing hotels that met minimum criteria for health, safety, and malaria prevention, as applicable, Telomerase eg, private rooms with air conditioning. The aim of this investigation was to assess the malaria prevention knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Airline A crew members when traveling to a “malaria-intense destination,” defined by Airline A in their training as a destination in which a person can potentially become infected with malaria during short layovers. As there appeared to be a comprehensive occupational malaria prevention program in place, the goal was to determine knowledge gaps, inappropriate attitudes, or incorrect practices among Airline A crew members that may be contributing to the recent increase in malaria infections so that appropriate interventions could be developed.

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