3%, OR 5.4, 95%CI 1.3-23.2, P = 0.027; carboplatin 33.3 versus 9.2%, OR 4.9, 95%CI 1.4-17.6, P = 0.038. There were no differences in the proportion of EDR to taxanes between the two groups. On the contrary, recurrent cases showed an increased proportion of EDR to paclitaxel compared to primary cytoreductive surgery without prior chemotherapy: recurrent versus primary, paclitaxel 33.3 versus 21.1%, OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.0-3.5, P = 0.031. There were no differences in the proportion of EDR for platinum and docetaxel
between the two groups. STAT inhibitor Among recurrent cases, there was statistical significance between proportion of paclitaxel EDR and time interval of initial and recurrent surgeries (R (2) 0.143, P = 0.011). Recurrent surgery after 5 years from initial cytoreduction was significantly associated with increased proportion of EDR to paclitaxel: 61.5 versus 22.6%, OR 5.5, 95%CI 1.35-22.2, P = 0.011.
Platinum resistance was common after neoadjuvant Ro-3306 in vivo chemotherapy, while paclitaxel resistance was common after postoperative chemotherapy.”
“Study Design. Retrospective clinical and radiologic review of consecutive
series of patients treated with single submuscular growing rods from a single center with a minimum of 2-year follow-up.
Objectives. To describe the surgical technique and methods used to minimize complications and to report on the outcomes of a large consecutive series of patients treated with single submuscular growing rods for scoliosis in the immature spine from a single center.
Summary of Background Data. Previous studies have reported on the safety and efficacy of single and dual growing-rod constructs; however, these studies have been of small patient numbers with varying results.
Methods. Between 1999 and 2007, 88 patients underwent the insertion of a single, submuscular growing-rod construct for scoliosis. A clinical and radiologic review of these 88 consecutive patients with a minimum of 2-year follow-up
was conducted. Diagnoses include idiopathic, neuromuscular, syndromic, and congenital. Data include Cobb angle measurements, T1-S1 heights, number, and frequency of lengthening this website as well as complications.
Results. The patients underwent single submuscular growing-rod insertion at an average age of 7.0 years. The mean follow-up period was 42 months. Twenty-eight patients had a simultaneous apical fusion. Growing-rod lengthening was performed on an average at 9-month intervals. The average initial Cobb angle was 73 degrees (range: 40-117) and improved to 44 degrees (range: 9-90) at final follow-up. T1-S1 height gain was 3.37 cm; this translates to 1.04 cm growth/yr. No significant difference was noted between those who had undergone apical fusion and those without.